Philippines, being one of the most vulnerable countries to natural disasters, is one of the main recipients of Spanish emergency aid and other humanitarian interventions. Spain has always been one of the most committed partner countries in helping victims of natural disasters, as was the case following Tropical Storm Sendong in 2011, Typhoon Bopha in 2012 or super typhoon Haiyan, which struck Visayas in November 2013.
In addition to direct intervention through expert missions or emergency relief, AECID also indirectly supports crises through grants from its Office of Humanitarian Aid for emergency NGOs and international agencies. Following the internal displacement crisis in Zamboanga City over the armed conflict between the MNLF and the Philippine Army in September 2013, AECID funded an intervention of the NGO Action Against Hunger-Spain to restore the integrity and resilience of Internally displaced persons within Zamboanga evacuation and transition centers, through water, sanitation and hygiene and nutrition interventions (project RISE-Zamboanga). This intervention was financed again in 2016 in the face of the persistence of the crisis.
Another mechanism of humanitarian intervention of the AECID is the Emergency Agreements with specialized Spanish NGOs, as these organizations have a greater reach to those affected in the field through their local counterparts. Three Spanish NGO signatories of these agreements are active in the Philippines: Action Against Hunger-Spain, Spanish Red Cross and Save the Children-Spain. Action Against Hunger-Spain has recently activated this facility for aid to victims of typhoon Haima (Lawin) in 2016 and Typhoon Nina (Nock) in January 2017.
Multilateral humanitarian assistance, especially through UNICEF, UNHCR and WFP, is also activated by AECID in joint proposals coordinated with OCHA. Through these actions, the Spanish Cooperation has contributed to improving the living conditions of communities internally displaced by conflicts, and other vulnerable populations affected by natural disasters throughout the Philippines. In recent years, AECID has funded the emergency relief operations of the International Committee of the Red Cross to displaced populations in Mindanao.
The Spanish regional and local governments (decentralized cooperation) also promote humanitarian interventions by funding Spanish NGO projects for field assistance in the aftermath of typhoons, as was the case of the disaster brought by typhoon Haiyan.But Spanish NGOs not only offer humanitarian aid to the Philippines with official funding. Others with a large social base mobilize private resources to this end. In this sense, the Spanish Red Cross stands out, with its long history of support of this kind to the Philippines. Manos Unidas and EDUCO have also earmarked private funds for emergency aid.